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Chapter 10

Putting the OGS into DOGS: Fitness Guidelines and Controlling for Genetic and Environmental Impacts

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humans who take a fifteen-minute leisurely walk after meals curb risky blood sugar spikes all day
: See Loretta DiPietro, et al., “Three 15-min Bouts of Moderate Postmeal Walking Significantly Improves 24-h Glycemic Control in Older People at Risk for Impaired Glucose Tolerance,” Diabetes Care 36, no. 10 (October 2013): 3262–68.

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reduced the likelihood of intestinal disorders
: See Manal Hemida, et al., “Early Life Modifiable Exposures and Their Association with Owner Reported Inflammatory Bowel Disease Symptoms in Adult Dogs,” Front Vet Sci 8 (February 2021): 552350.

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researchers found that noise sensitivity is most pronounced in Lagotto Romagnolos: See Linn Mari Storengen and Frode Lingaas, “Noise Sensitivity in 17 Dog Breeds: Prevalence, Breed Risk and Correlation with Fear in Other Situations,” Applied Animal Behavior Science 171 (October 2015): 152–60.

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genes associated with sociability were also found to be on the same stretch of DNA linked with higher noise sensitivity: See R. Sarviaho, et al., “Two Novel Genomic Regions Associated with Fearfulness in Dogs Overlap Human Neuropsychiatric Loci,” Transl Psychiatry 9, no. 18 (2019).

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can predispose many dogs to health and training challenges: See A. F. Abdel Fattah and S. E. Abdel-Hamid, “Influence of Gender, Neuter Status, and Training Method on Police Dog Narcotics Olfaction Performance, Behavior and Welfare,” J Adv Vet Anim Res 7, no. 4 (October 2020): 655–62. doi: 10.5455/javar.2020.g464. PMID: 33409309; PMCID: PMC7774791.

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a set of guidelines he calls the Five Domains: See David J. Mellor, “Operational Details of the Five Domains Model and Its Key Applications to the Assessment and Management of Animal Welfare,” Animals (Basel) 7, no. 8 (August 2017): 60.

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a broad range of potential side effects: See Daniel E. Snyder, Larry R. Cruthers, and Robyn L. Slone, “Preliminary Study on the Acaricidal Efficacy of Spinosad Administered Orally to Dogs Infested with the Brown Dog Tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806) (Acari: Ixodidae),” Veterinary Parasitology 166, no. 1-2 (2009): 131–35.

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which can cause behavioral disturbances and neuroendocrine issues in animal models: See Kumar Ganesan, et al., “A Studies on Monosodium L- glutamate Toxicity in Animal Models: A Review,” International Journal of Pharmaceutical Chemical and Biological Science (January 2013).